Παρασκευή, 28 Δεκεμβρίου 2012

Φεδερίκο Γκαρθία Λόρκα, Πάσο

By azien

(Τραγοδι πο λέει νας πιστς στν εκόνα

τν ρα πο περνάει λιτανεία)

Παναγι μ τ πλουμίδια
Παναγι τς μοναξις
λάνθιστη θεόρατη
μεσ' στ καράβι π φς
πάνω π τς πολιτείας
τν παλίρροια
νάμεσα σ τραγούδια θαμπ
κι' στέρια κρυσταλλένια
Παναγι μ τ πλουμίδια
σ περνς
π τς στράτας τ ποτάμι
στ θάλασσα ν φτάσει


Φεδερίκο Γκαρθία Λόρκα

Daniel Richter

Jawohl und Gomorrah (2001). Oil on canvas, 225 x 370 cm

Richter attended Hochschule für bildendende Künste Hamburg from 1991-1995. Between 1992-1996 he studied with Werner Büttner – one of the protagonists, along with Martin Kippenberger, of the revival of expressive trends in painting during the 1980s –, and worked as assistant to Albert Oehlen. Between 2004 and 2006 he served as Professor for Painting at the Universität der Künste, Berlin. Since 2006, he has been teaching at Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna. He is married to director Angela Richter.

Rag Mal Eine Frau, 2009

Initially, Richter did abstract paintings, with a cosmos of forms intensely colourful to the point of being psychedelic – somewhere between graffiti and intricate ornamentation. Since 2002 he has painted large-scale scenes filled with figures, often inspired by reproductions from newspapers or history books.

Die Idealisten (2007-2008)

Within a stone’s throw of Daniel Richter’s studio in the funky neighborhood known as Mitte, the Berlin Biennale has laid out an international smorgasbord of artists, curators, dealers and critics. But the scraggly-haired, athletically built Richter—whose giant, cacophonous paintings overflow with exuberant graffiti scrawls, gobs of Day-Glo color and ghoulish references to Goya, Ensor and Munch—is deliberately steering clear of the action. From a window in the Gothic-style former postal-service carriage house where he has lived and worked in relative quiet for 10 years, the artist spots a journalist roaming a dilapidated courtyard and raps lightly on the darkened pane. Moments later he emerges—towering, unshaven—in a blue flannel bathrobe, pajamas and paint-speckled soccer shoes.

Dog Planet

Richter, 46, burst onto the already spirited German painting scene in 1995 with his first solo show, at the Contemporary Fine Arts Gallery (CFA), in Berlin, including works such as Love, whose colorful, free-form style evinced a fascination with punk rock and the album covers of R. Crumb and Raymond Pettibon. Four years later, Richter’s abstract squiggles and pinkish tones began to assume the shapes of faces in a crowd as he segued into figuration. But it wasn’t until 2000, when Phienox and Tuanus, also first displayed at CFA, revealed his keen grasp of color and dappled-light effects, that Richter’s meteoric ascent in Germany translated into a quick succession of gallery shows.


Duisen (2004)

Enthusiasm for his work continues to grow. A sold-out show of Richter’s most recent paintings and drawings at Los Angeles’s Regen Projects this past February was followed a month later by an exhibition of new work, also sold out, at David Zwirner Gallery, in New York. This month, “Daniel Richter: A Major Survey” opens at Denver Art Museum, ending a tour that began in Hamburg and included stops in the Hague and Málaga, Spain.

Horde, 2007

The midcareer retrospective, which includes 25 large-scale paintings and nearly 40 smaller works from 1994 to the present, will finally give the artist broad institutional exposure in the United States. Organized by Denver’s recently appointed curator of modern and contemporary art, Christoph Heinrich, the exhibition rides a wave of international interest in contemporary German painters, among them Neo Rauch, Franz Ackermann, Thomas Scheibitz and now Richter.

Im Birkengrund

Richter often uses news photographs as sources for his work, and evidence of his reading preferences—from leaning towers of newspapers and magazines to existential novels—clutters the dining table of his small kitchen adjacent to the studio. He loves talking politics and unselfconsciously spouts provocative opinions. That said, the imagery of his best-known history paintings— friezelike depictions of comic-book superheroes, burlesque dancers, dogs and zombies confronting policemen—defies easy interpretation.

Jeans (2002)

The same is true of his more recent portraits of solitary instrumentalists and soldiers, whose fuzzy edges and shadows render guitars and guns interchangeable. “One minute, you have the melancholic blues folk musician, the heroic poor guy,” he says. “The next, you have the lost soul of a soldier entering a vast enemy area.” Presented from the rear, the figures in this series are stooped, abject, like prisoners awaiting their own execution but, says Richter, only half accepting their fate.

Les Paul Dictatorship, 2008

With its 30-foot ceilings and persistent damp chill, Richter’s studio has the feel of a giant garage, and in fact, the building was an auto body shop after it was abandoned by the post office. Overlapping Persian carpets do little to warm things up. A series of dark rooms off his studio reveals an unmade bed and shelves cluttered with books and records.

Mahnungen, 2008

It’s as if his real life exists elsewhere— which in some ways it does. After working in monk-like seclusion for two- to three-week periods, he joins his wife, Angela, a theater director, and their toddler son at their home in Hamburg for several days—or weeks—of rest. After this much-needed domesticity, he returns to Berlin to start the cycle all over.

Still. 2002. Oil and Ink on Canvas. 280 x 380cm

Two enormous whitewashed wooden panels run the length and width of the cavernous space. In the room’s center, a single, swiveling office chair, its seat padded with a thick wool blanket, offers the perfect vantage from which to view an enormous painting in progress hanging from the smaller of the two panels.

The Entertainus

The Owner’s Historic Lesson


Trevelfast, 2004

Like a witness to Richter’s many contradictions, the picture features neither guitar hero nor soldier but a burning hand suspended before a horrified man in a blue suit and a frieze of fluorescent skeletons.

Πόσο μεγάλες είναι οι μαύρες τρύπες; New black holes 'so big nobody believed them for 20 years'

These are the central black holes of NGC 3842 and NGC 4889, and each has a mass close to 10^10 solar masses. 

Έχει διαπιστωθεί ότι οι μαύρες τρύπες έχουν κατά βάση γιγάντιο μέγεθος. Οι περισσότερες που έχουν εντοπιστεί έχουν μάζα δεκάδες ή εκατοντάδες εκατομμύρια φορές μεγαλύτερη από αυτή του Ηλιου. Κάποιες έχει υπολογιστεί ότι έχουν ακόμη και δισεκατομμύρια φορές μεγαλύτερη μάζα. Ποιο είναι όμως το μέγεθος στο οποίο μπορεί να φτάσει μια μελανή οπή; Ερευνητική ομάδα από το Πανεπιστήμιο Στάνφορντ στις ΗΠΑ αποφάσισε να βρει την απάντηση.

Στη φωτογραφία εικονίζεται ένας από τους γαλαξίες που μελέτησε η ερευνητική ομάδα στο κέντρο του οποίου βρίσκεται μια από τις γιγάντιες μαύρες τρύπες. Ο γαλαξίας ανήκει στο σμήνος PKS 0745-19 που βρίσκεται σε απόσταση 1,3 δισ. έτη φωτός από εμάς. Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/Stanford/Hlavacek-Larrondo, J. et al; Optical: NASA/STScI; Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA

Οι ερευνητές χρησιμοποίησαν το διαστημικό τηλεσκόπιο Chandra και επικέντρωσαν την προσοχή τους σε 18 γαλαξιακά σμήνη του Σύμπαντος. Μελέτησαν τους πιο λαμπρούς γαλαξίες του κάθε σμήνους και εντόπισαν σε ορισμένους από αυτούς κολοσσιαίες μελανές οπές με μάζα 10-40 δισ. φορές μεγαλύτερη από αυτή του Ήλιου!

A diagram depicting the immense size of the black hole discovered in the galaxy NGC 3842.

«Γνωρίζαμε ότι υπάρχουν μαύρες τρύπες τέτοιου μεγέθους στο Σύμπαν αλλά θεωρούσαμε ότι είναι σπάνιες. Η έρευνά μας δείχνει όμως ότι είναι πολύ πιο κοινές από όσο πιστεύαμε μέχρι σήμερα» αναφέρει η Τζούλι Χλάβατσεκ Λαρόντο, εκ των επικεφαλής της ερευνητικής ομάδας. Η έρευνα δημοσιεύεται στην επιθεώρηση «The Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society».