Τετάρτη, 29 Ιουνίου 2016

Από το Άλφα μέχρι το Ωμέγα στον ουρανό της Κρήτης. From Alpha to Omega in Crete

This beautiful telephoto composition spans light-years in a natural night skyscape from the island of Crete. Looking south, exposures both track the stars and record a fixed foreground in three merged panels that cover a 10×12 degree wide field of view. The May 15 waxing gibbous moonlight illuminates the church and mountainous terrain. A mere 18 thousand light-years away, huge globular star cluster Omega Centauri (NGC 5139) shining above gives a good visual impression of its appearance in binoculars on that starry night. Active galaxy Centaurus A (NGC 5128) is near the top of the frame, some 11 million light-years distant. Also found toward the expansive southern constellation Centaurus and about the size of our own Milky Way is edge on spiral galaxy NGC 4945. About 13 million light-years distant it’s only a little farther along, and just above the horizon at the right. Image Credit & Copyright: Johannes Schedler (Panther Observatory)

Ο Κένταυρος Α (ή NGC 5128) είναι ένας φακοειδής ενεργός γαλαξίας στον αστερισμού του Κενταύρου και ένας από τους κοντινότερους στη Γη ραδιογαλαξίες. Βρίσκεται σε απόσταση περίπου 11 εκατομμύρια έτη φωτός. Είναι ο πέμπτος λαμπρότερος γαλαξίας στον ουρανό.

The globular cluster Omega Centauri — with as many as ten million stars — is seen in all its splendour in this image captured with the WFI camera from ESO's La Silla Observatory. The image shows only the central part of the cluster — about the size of the full moon on the sky (half a degree). North is up, East is to the left. This colour image is a composite of B, V and I filtered images. Note that because WFI is equipped with a mosaic detector, there are two small gaps in the image which were filled with lower quality data from the Digitized Sky Survey. Credit ESO

Ο Ωμέγα Κενταύρου (ή NGC 5139) είναι σφαιρωτό σμήνος, επίσης στον αστερισμό του Κενταύρου, σε απόσταση 15.800 έτη φωτός από τη Γη. Είναι το μεγαλύτερο σφαιρωτό σμήνος στον Γαλαξία, με διάμετρο περίπου 150 έτη φωτός. Συνίσταται από 10 εκατομμύρια άστρα και έχει συνολική μάζα ίση με 4 εκατομμύρια ηλιακές μάζες.

This photograph shows a sky field around the spiral galaxy NGC 4945 . It is assembled from five 15-minute R(ed)-narrowband (shown in red), four 5-minute B(lue)-band (shown in green), and five 1000-second U(ltraviolet)-band (shown in blue) exposures, obtained in January 1999 during the Science Verification phase with the Wide-Field-Imager (WFI) at the MPG/ESO 2.2-m telescope at La Silla. At the recession velocity of NGC 4945, the red filter, centred at 665 nm with an FWHM (full width at half maximum) of only 1.2 nm, does not include the H-alpha emission line of interstellar hydrogen in this galaxy. The original resolution of about 1 arcsec corresponds to roughly 62 light-years at the distance of NGC 4945 (13 million light-years). In addition to NGC 4945 itself, some much more distant galaxies can be recognized as faint, slightly red light patches in the field. The vast majority of the point-like sources are stars in the Milky Way. However, a fair number of those near NGC 4945 are globular clusters belonging to this galaxy. Each frame records 8184 x 8196 = 67,076,064 pixels, and thus the total number of data points (pixels) of the 14 CCD frames used to make this photo is almost 10 9. Their collective information content corresponds to more than 70 x 10 9 photons (not counting those from the Earth's upper atmosphere that were recorded simultaneously). The field covers 32 x 32 arcmin 2. East is to the left and North to the top. Credit ESO

Κάτω δεξιά διακρίνεται και ο σπειροειδής γαλαξίας NGC 4945 που ανακάλυψε ο αστρονόμος James Dunlop το 1826.

Η φωτογραφία λήφθηκε από τον Johannes Schedler στις 15 Μαΐου 2016 από μια ορεινή περιοχή της ανατολικής Κρήτης. Αναγνωρίζει κανείς την περιοχή;

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